FOR ALL ILLS
to Indian mythology, the origin of the Neem tree is related to
the story of palazimadanam ( the churning of the Palazi,the Ocean
of Milk). During the course of the event, Lord Dhanvanthari appeared
from The ocean, with apot, full of nectar In the end, Lord Indra,
the king of Devas tactfully snatched the pot from the Asuras and
left for Deva loka. On the way, a few drops of nectar fell down
on to the earth and legend has it that the Neem tree originated
form the nectar.
Neem tree is considered as One of the ten trees, in the Nandanavana
of the Ramayana It is mentioned in the "Mantra maharnavam",
Brihat Samhitha","Kdambari", and "Padma Purana",
It also finds a place in the "Charaka Samhita"(2000
BC), and is one of the mostImportant plants mentioned in Kautilya's"
Neem is used in the worshipof goddess Mariyamma in Tamil Nadu
and Karnataka. Buchanan's Travelogues report five leaf branches
of Neem being used in the Mariyamma pooja in Mysore,
In Ayurveda, Unani and Sidha Systems of medicine
the Neem tree Is used as a single drug and also as An ingredient
in many herbal formulations.In Abhidhanamanjari" , There
is reference to three types of Neem or Veppu(in Malayalam) Azadiracta
indica (Aryaveppu) Azdirach (Malaveppu)and Murraya Koenigii (Kariveppu).
ancient times itself, the Neem used to be referred to as a 'germ
killer'. It can kill atmospheric germs and is therefore grown
in the courtyard of ever house. Patients
with chicken pox would be made to lie down on a bed of Neem leaves,
and bath in water boiled with Neem leaves, after he recovers.
To caution visitors of chicken pox in the home , It is customary
to hang Neem leaf
bunches in the front of the house.
Gandhi, the father
of our nation was very found
of Neem leaf chutney.
It is said that the secret
Of his health was
The Neem leaf
christened Azadiracta Indicia A. Juss. and belonging to the Family
Meliaceae.it occurs through -out the greater part of India. It
is found in the wild in parts of the indo- Gangetic , plain in
the Deccan, Karnatic and the west coast , up to an Altitude of
3000ft.It's home is Believed to be India and Burma There are about
18 million Neem Trees in India. Being a tropical tree, it is also
found in Pakistan, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Iran, Bangladesh
And Nepal. And it has been introduced In to Yemen, China and Saudi
ahardy tree with Dense foliage, it is commonlyCultivated in gardens,
along roadsides and bye the side of irrigation wells as a shade
tree it is a moderate to fairly large sized evergreen tree, with
a stout trunk, large sperding branches, supporting a canopy of
glabrous imparipinnate leaves. The bark is dark brown and longitudinally
or obliquely furrowed.The plant flower during the hot months of
February to Ma and thefruits are available from July to August
The propagation of Neem Is from the seed, stem cuttings and Root
cuttings.Neem is cultivated in
Many parts of India. It can be grown In almost all types of soils,
especially black, coarse, less humid, clayey soils.The Neem tree
is considered as one of the best candidates for social forestry.
It protects from soil erosion
Nimbindin, Azedirachitin, Nimbolin, Salannin etc are the majorChemical
constituents of Neem.The aremostly found in the seed oilAnd the
bark. The flowers contain Volatile oils and bitter principles. The
Seed oil is made up oleic acid,lineolicacid,palmitic acid and lignoceric
acid The leaves and the bark contain the alkaloid,Margosigne, The
leaves are large quantities of Vitamin A.
Important pharmacological Studies are reported in literature Include
anti-malarial, anti-bacterial Anti-inflammatory, anti-pyretic, Antifungal,
immnuopotentiating hypolipidaemic etc.
is considerers Neem as"Thikta" (bitter) and "Kashayarasa"
(Astringent in action).It has cooling and pungent effects. Because
of its bitter taste, it pacifies "Pitta" and "Kapha".
It possesses significant anti-microbial and anti-viral properties,
and is alsoused as and excellent wound healer.
literature is perhaps Earliest document ofplant life.
It has been recorded that plant life began to flourish
on the Earth three yugas ago, which means many thousand
of years, before the time of the Devas.edic scholars
had deep insight and institution, by which they unravelled
the hidden values and great-ness of plants. They considered
plants to be of divine origin and worshipped them as
the "Mother Goddess", by chanting verses('Oushanthi
sookthas'), in praise of them.
" There is no substance in the World that Cannot be
used for medicine" means, everything that surrounds
us,includind plants can be used for medicinal purpose.
In this series ,we are interducing the Neem tree,
which has been fascinating Indians, from time mmemorial.
fresh leaf of Neem taken daily act as a preventive against diabeters,heart
disorders and skin diseases
fresh leaf of Neem, along with tender coconut water, taken for
a week, before the rain season helps to enhance the immune system
of the body.
juice from the tender leave of Neem,slightly warmed and cooled,
can be applied to the eyes, against conjunctives.
tender stem of Neem,used as a toothbrush, can protect the gums
and teeth from infection.
juice of Neem, along with honey slightly warmed and cooled,
can be used for gargling to get relief from throat pain.
of fresh leaves (15-30ml) along with honey, taken orally on
empty stomach for 14 days to treat jaundice
ash of dried leaves of Neem(2gms) with a glass of water helps
to prevent the formation of urinary calculi.
oil (15-20drops) taken twice daily, for ten days help to prevent
malaria and also acts as a remedy against malaria.
juice of Neem leaves to be applied externally over the anal
region for relief from irritation and redness, due to worm infection
oil to be applied externally to reduce excessive sweating of
the palm of the hand and sole of the foot.
dried leaf powder (10-15 gms) along with pure ghee on empty
stomach for a mouth helps to cure anaemia.
leaves of Neem along with turmeric and hen's egg white, is prepared
in the form of the paste and applied over the face. After 10-15
minutes, clean the face with tender coconut water. this helps
to get rid of pimples.
prepared from Neem leves, Tinospora cordifolia and Sandal wood
(60 ml, twice daily for 14 days), help to prevent allergy /
of Neem along with turmeric and rock salt in the form of a paste,
applied externally over the anal region to cure piles
made from Neem leaves and turmeric can be used a vaginal douche
to prevent / cure irritation and itching, due to vaginal discharge
leaves of Neem with ghee and honey in the from of a paste is
applied externally to heal chrnicwounds.
leaves of Neem along with turmeric. In the form of a paste is
applied externally to prevent/ cure skin diseases and poisonous
bits including that of insets.
English Indian Lilac /